Starting a business in Poland can be a great opportunity, but the process of company formation can be complex and time-consuming. This article will provide a step-by-step guide on how to form a company in Poland, from choosing the right legal structure to registering your business with the proper authorities.
Table of Contents
- Step 1: Choose a Legal Structure
- Step 2: Register Your Company with the National Court Register
- Step 3: Obtain a Business License
- Step 4: Register for Taxes
- Step 5: Hire Employees
- Step 6: Open a Bank Account
- Company formation in Poland step-by-step. Conclusion
Step 1: Choose a Legal Structure
The first step in forming a company in Poland is to choose the right legal structure for your business. There are seven types of commercial companies in the Polish legal system. Every future entrepreneur can decide which form of business best suits their needs as well as their business profile. The most common types of companies in Poland are limited liability companies (LLCs) and joint-stock companies (JSCs). LLCs are suitable for small and medium-sized businesses, while JSCs are better suited for larger, publicly traded companies.
Step 2: Register Your Company with the National Court Register
Once you have chosen a legal structure, the next step is to register your company with the National Court Register (NCR). You can do this online or in person at the appropriate court.
Step 3: Obtain a Business License
After registering your company with the NCR, you will need to obtain a business license from the local government. You can do this by submitting the necessary paperwork, such as articles of association, to the appropriate authorities.
Step 4: Register for Taxes
All companies in Poland have to register for taxes with the appropriate government agencies. This includes registering for VAT. This part is usually performed by a specialized accounting firm. You should consider up to 3 weeks for completing this task.
Step 5: Hire Employees
If you plan to hire employees, you will need to register with the Social Insurance Institution (ZUS) and obtain a statistical number (REGON). When the employer wants to hire an employee in Poland within the scope of his business activity, he or she must fulfil a number of duties. Their scope depends, among others, on the form of the contract and individual tax and contribution rights. It is also important whether the employee is a Polish citizen, a foreigner from a European Union country or from outside the European Union.
Step 6: Open a Bank Account
Finally, you will need to open a bank account for your company. Nowadays it is not an easy task, in particular when the company’s ownership is complex. Banks perform thorough AML and compliance check. It may take even up to three months to set up a bank account for a Polish company.
Company formation in Poland step-by-step. Conclusion
Forming a company in Poland can be a complex and time-consuming process. By following these step-by-step instructions, you can ensure that your business is set up correctly and in compliance with all relevant laws and regulations. We always recommend contact legal or accounting professionals to avoid any mistakes.
If this article was interesting for you and you want to know more on the topic it concerned we encourage you to contact us. Specialists from our law firm in Poland, will be happy to help. If you are interested in company registration in Poland visit our dedicated landing page.